The 17th of Tammuz - 9th of Av - A season of mourning with Israel.
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The month of Tammuz which is the fourth month on the Hebrew calendar, has turned out to be the month in which the evil nature of man (gentiles) , strongly pursues after it's will to do evil.
The 17th of Tammuz, which falls on the 6th of July in the evening at sunset, (when the sun goes down), until the 7th of July 2012 is a day when we fast and pray for Israel according to Psalm 122:6-7,
Pray for the peace of Jerusalem: “May they prosper who love you. Peace be within your walls, Prosperity within your palaces.”
Read below to find out more about the evil events that has taken place against Israel from other nations in the month of Tammuz, the 4th month, and the month of Av which is the 5th month.
Click on the text below to read and to open and close:
Why are we mourning this season of 3 weeks?
We are fasting one day on the 17th of Tammuz (fasting starts at the 6th of July 2012 in the evening when the sun goes down until the evening on the 7th of July, when the sun goes down).
We also fast one day on the 9th of Av (fasting starts at the 27th of August in the evening when the sun goes down until the evening on the 28th of August 2012, when the sun goes down).
The 17th of Tammuz until the 9th of Av is a period of 3 weeks where many tragic thing occured towards the Jews.
This is a season of mourning, meaning that a joyful event like getting married cannot take place in this season.
Mouring also means to appreciate more Gods word and commandments in this season, where we occupy ourselves with Torah (old testament) reading and praying for the restoration of Israel (Psalm 122:6).
Entebbe 1976 in the month of Tammuz, Jews were held captive.
Jewish hostages were held by Idi Amins terrorists at Entebbe Airport, Uganda.
On the 6th of Tammuz 1976 they were rescued by Israeli commando units.
The golden calf was made in the month of Tammuz.
In the year 1313 BCE, Tammuz 16 was the 40th day following the giving of the Torah at Mount Sinai, and the people of Israel wrongly expected Moses' return from the mountain (he would actually return on the following day).
When their leader failed to return, they demanded from Aaron: "Make us a god that shall go before us".
Hur (Moses' nephew, the son of Miriam and Caleb) tried to stop them and was killed by the mob.
Aaron fashioned a calf of molten gold.
Moses broke the tablets with the commandments in the month of Tammuz.
On the 17th of Tammuz, 40 days after the Giving of the Torah on Sivan 6, Moses smashed the Tablets inscribed with the Ten Commandments which he was carrying down from the mountain, after witnessing Israel's worship of the Golden Calf from Mount Sinai.
The daily sacrifice was discontinued in the month of Tammuz.
17th of Tammuz, the daily sacrificial offerings in the Holy Temple were discontinued, three weeks before the Babylonian's destruction of the First Temple in 423 BCE.
The walls of Jerusalem was broken in the month of Tammuz.
Three other national tragedies mourned on Tammuz 17 are connected with the Roman conquest of Jerusalem and their destruction of the Second Temple in the year 69 CE.
The walls of the besieged city of Jerusalem were breached. The Roman general Apostomus burned the Torah and placed an idol in the Holy Temple.
The fighting in Jerusalem continued for three weeks until the 9th of Av, when the Holy Temple was set aflame.
The golden calf was destroyed in the month of Tammuz.
18th of Tammuz, Moses destroyed the Golden Calf, and re-ascended Mount Sinai to plead God's forgiveness for the Jewish people. (Exodus 32:20).
Aaron died in the month of Av, the month that comes after the month of Tammuz.
Aaron the first High Priest, brother of Moses and Miriam, passed away at age 123 on the 1st of Av (Numbers 33:38).
Babylonians broke into the temple compound in the month of Av.
On the 7th of Av, after nearly a month of fierce fighting inside Jerusalem, the armies of King Nebuchadnezzar of Babylonia broke through into the Temple compound, where they feasted and vandalized until the afternoon of Av 9, when they set the Holy Temple aflame (423 BCE).
Spies return in the month of Av.
On the 8th of Av, the Spies dispatched 40 days earlier by Moses to tour the Promised Land return to Israel's encampment in the desert, bearing a huge cluster of grapes and other lush fruits.
But even as they praise the land's fertility, they terrify the people with tales of mighty giant warriors dwelling there and assert that the land is unconquerable.
Civil war in Jerusalem (67CE) in the month of Av.
On the 8th of Av, fighting breaks out inside the besieged city of Jerusalem between Jewish factions divided on the question of whether or not to fight the Roman armies encircling the city from without.
One group sets fire to the city's considerable food stores, consigning its population to starvation until the fall of Jerusalem three years later.
The children of Israel were condemned to die in the desert in the month of Av.
On the Ninth of Av, the generation of Jews who came out of Egypt under Moses leadership 16 months earlier were condemned to die in the desert and the entry into the Land of Israel was delayed for 40 years.
As related in Numbers 14, when the Spies that Moses sent to the Land of Canaan returned with their disheartening report, the people wept all night, the night of Av 9th, proclaiming that they would rather return to Egypt than attempt to conquer and settle it.
God decreed that the entire generation will wander in the desert for 40 years until that last of them died out, and that their children, under the leadership of Joshua, will enter the land He promised as Israel s heritage.
The holy temple destroyed in the month of Av.
Both the first and second Holy Temples which stood in Jerusalem were destroyed on Av 9.
The First Temple by the Babylonians in the year (423 BCE), and the second by the Romans in 69 CE.
The Temple's destruction represents the greatest tragedy in Jewish history, for it marks our descent into Galut--the state of physical exile and spiritual displacement in which we still find ourselves today.
Thus the Destruction is mourned as a tragedy that affects our lives today, 2,000 years later, no less than the very generation that experienced it first hand.
England expelled Jews in the month of Av.
The Jews of England were expelled by King Edward I on this date, 9th of Av, in 1290.
Fall of Betar in the month of Av.
Betar, the last stronghold in the heroic Bar Kochba rebellion, fell to the Romans on the 9th of Av of the year 3893 (133 CE) after a three-year siege.
580,000 Jews died by starvation or the sword, including Bar Kochba, the leader of the rebellion.
Spain expell Jews in the month of Av.
The Jews of Spain were expelled by King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella on the 9th of Av of 1492, terminating many centuries of flourishing Jewish life in that country.
This month falls in June or July.
By: The house of the prophets.